Electricity 101: Keeping Your Home Safe and Efficient

Here are some important things people should think about when it comes to electricity in their homes:


  • Understanding Your Electrical Panel: Know where your circuit breaker box is located and how to shut off power in case of an emergency.
  • Overloaded Outlets: Avoid overloading outlets with too many appliances. This can cause overheating and fires. Look for power strips with surge protection if you need more outlets.
  • Water and Electricity Don’t Mix: Keep all electrical appliances and outlets away from water sources to prevent shock hazards.
  • Wiring and Outlets: Be aware of the warning signs of faulty wiring or outlets, such as flickering lights, hot outlets, or sparks. If you suspect a problem, call a qualified electrician immediately.
  • Smoke Detectors and Carbon Monoxide Detectors: Make sure you have working smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors installed in your home. Test them regularly and replace the batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Efficiency and Cost:

  • Appliance Wattage: Be mindful of the wattage of your appliances. Using energy-efficient appliances can help you save money on your electricity bill. Look for the Energy Star label when purchasing new appliances.
  • Phantom Power: Many electronics continue to draw a small amount of power even when they are turned off but still plugged in. Consider using power strips with on/off switches to completely cut power to electronics when not in use.
  • Light Bulbs: Replace traditional incandescent bulbs with LED bulbs. LED bulbs use significantly less energy and last much longer.
  • Smart Plugs: Consider using smart plugs to control the power to certain electronics remotely and automate their use to minimize energy consumption.
  • Unplug Chargers: Don’t leave phone chargers or other device chargers plugged in when not in use. They continue to draw a small amount of power even when not actively charging.


  • Regular Inspections: Have a qualified electrician inspect your home’s electrical system periodically, especially if your home is older.
  • GFCI Outlets: Ensure you have Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) outlets in bathrooms, kitchens, and other areas with water sources. These outlets can help prevent electrical shock.

Knowledge is Power:

  • Understanding Your Bill: Take some time to understand your electricity bill and how your usage is broken down. This can help you identify areas where you can save money.
  • Learn How to Fix Minor Issues: Familiarize yourself with some basic electrical troubleshooting tips, such as how to reset a tripped circuit breaker or replace a blown fuse. However, always prioritize safety and call a qualified electrician for any major electrical work.

By keeping these things in mind, you can ensure the safety and efficiency of your home’s electrical system.